Inability to get pregnant woman
Infertility is defined as trying to get pregnant with frequent intercourse for at least a year with no success. Female infertility, male infertility or a combination of the two affects millions of couples in the United States. An estimated 10 to 18 percent of couples have trouble getting pregnant or having a successful delivery. Infertility results from female factors about one-third of the time and male factors about one-third of the time.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Fertility Advice for Women: Dr. Sanjay Agarwal
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Getting pregnant when you have endometriosis.Content:
Governor Hogan announced that health care institutions in Maryland can start performing elective surgical cases in guidance with the State Department of Health. Learn what Johns Hopkins is doing. Chantel Cross, M. You may start to wonder — is this a medical problem or do I simply need to be more patient?
One in 8 couples struggles to conceive. Infertility is defined as the inability to become pregnant after one year of unprotected sex for women under 35 and six months for women 35 and older. Blocked or scarred fallopian tubes that prevent sperm from reaching the egg are a frequent cause of infertility, especially among African Americans. A history of pelvic infection, sexually transmitted disease or endometriosis increases your risk for fallopian tube obstruction.
An irregularly shaped uterus can make it difficult for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterine wall. Abnormalities can be caused by uterine fibroids noncancerous growths on the uterine wall or scar tissue from surgery or infection. It could also be the way your uterus is shaped. Sporadic menstrual cycles can be caused by conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS , hormonal imbalances or obesity.
Ovulation can also be impacted by excessive exercise, stress or low body weight. Male factor infertility can be due to a number of reasons including trauma, medical conditions like diabetes and unhealthy habits such as heavy drinking and smoking. But whether or not that impacts fertility is up for debate.
Men produce sperm throughout their lives, but women are born with a set number of eggs that decreases as you age. And the rate at which women lose eggs accelerates around the age of The quality of eggs stored in the ovaries also declines over time. The longer eggs are stuck in the mid-division stage, the more likely that process will go wrong — creating eggs with the wrong number of chromosomes. That results in not becoming pregnant, experiencing miscarriages or having babies with genetic syndromes due to chromosomal abnormalities.
The bottom line: The quality and number of eggs a woman has decreases throughout her lifetime and egg loss accelerates around the age of 37, which makes it more difficult to become pregnant. This multipart assessment includes:. If you or your partner have a known medical condition that affects the uterus, fallopian tubes, sperm or ovulation, talk to your doctor to see if you should be evaluated sooner. Our fertility specialists will work with you to identify the unique causes of your infertility and help you realize your dream of parenthood.
Every couple and their journey to start a family is unique. Talk to your doctor about your options. One of the best things you can do to protect and improve your health is to stay informed. Skip Navigation. Health Home Wellness and Prevention. How is infertility defined? The most common problems include: Fallopian tube obstruction Blocked or scarred fallopian tubes that prevent sperm from reaching the egg are a frequent cause of infertility, especially among African Americans.
Irregular uterine shape An irregularly shaped uterus can make it difficult for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterine wall. Do I Need Infertility Treatment? This multipart assessment includes: Physical examination Pelvic ultrasound Blood work Semen analysis Evaluation of the uterus and fallopian tubes by specialized x-rays or ultrasounds If you or your partner have a known medical condition that affects the uterus, fallopian tubes, sperm or ovulation, talk to your doctor to see if you should be evaluated sooner.
The Johns Hopkins Fertility Center Our fertility specialists will work with you to identify the unique causes of your infertility and help you realize your dream of parenthood. Learn more about the fertility center. Infertility treatment options Depending on the results of your infertility evaluation, there are several treatment options: Ovulation medications : Oral or injectable medications improve ovulation patterns or may encourage more than one egg to be released each month, increasing the likelihood of conceiving.
Intrauterine insemination IUI : This procedure can be performed on its own or in combination with ovulation medications. In vitro fertilization IVF : During this procedure, one or more eggs is removed from the ovaries and fertilized with sperm in a lab setting.
The resulting embryo is then implanted into the uterus, bypassing fertilization challenges within the body. Sign Up for Our Free Newsletter One of the best things you can do to protect and improve your health is to stay informed. Sign Up.
Why Am I Not Getting Pregnant?
Governor Hogan announced that health care institutions in Maryland can start performing elective surgical cases in guidance with the State Department of Health. Learn what Johns Hopkins is doing. Chantel Cross, M. You may start to wonder — is this a medical problem or do I simply need to be more patient? One in 8 couples struggles to conceive.
Back to Health A to Z. Infertility is when a couple cannot get pregnant conceive despite having regular unprotected sex. For couples who have been trying to conceive for more than 3 years without success, the likelihood of getting pregnant naturally within the next year is 1 in 4, or less. Some people get pregnant quickly, but for others it can take longer.
What Causes Infertility in Women?
Getting pregnant and carrying a pregnancy to term are actually very complicated processes. Many things can go wrong during these processes to lead to infertility. For this reason, the following list includes only some of the common causes of infertility in females; it is not meant to be all-inclusive. A woman who is having difficulty getting pregnant or carrying a pregnancy to term should talk with her health care provider about possible treatments. Problems with the menstrual cycle, the process that prepares the female body for pregnancy, can lead to infertility. The menstrual cycle includes several phases, and problems at any one of the stages can lead to difficulty getting pregnant or to infertility. To learn about a normal menstrual cycle, visit the Menstruation section of this website.
Female infertility accounts for about one third of all infertility cases. Infertility in women can be caused by conditions affecting any of your reproductive organs — your ovaries, fallopian tubes, or uterus. Infertility affects an estimated 10 percent of women. Studies have found that about a third of infertility cases are due to female infertility, another third to men, and the rest to issues affecting both partners or a cause that may remain a mystery.
Visit coronavirus. Infertility is defined as not being able to become pregnant after having regular intercourse sex without birth control after one year or after six months if a woman is 35 years or older. Fertility means being able to become pregnant conceive , and it involves many steps, which must work just right for a woman to become pregnant.